Oxford University Press is a proud partner of the 500 Words: Black Lives Matter story-writing competition. It launched on 29th June 2020 and invited children aged 5–13 to write 500 words on the themes and issues emerging from the Black Lives Matter movement.
Almost 6,000 children submitted entries, and, as part of ongoing research, the Oxford Children’s Dictionaries & Language Data team at Oxford University Press analyzed all of the entries received to better understand children’s language, shining a light on children’s insight, empathy, and imagination when writing about race.
Read on for a selection of highlights from the findings, and click here to download the full report with examples from many of the submissions.
Top names . . .
Given the theme and timing of the 500 Words: Black Lives Matter 2020 (500 Words: BLM 2020) competition, it is perhaps unsurprising that George Floyd is the top name mentioned in the children’s writing (compared to Santa and Cinderella, the two names that have topped the 500 Words name list for the past eight years). But as we go down the list, there are other differences too. Many more names in the 500 Words: BLM 2020 entries belong to real people associated with contemporary racist incidents or from anti-racism movements throughout history.
“So why are we protesting? Because in America a lovely man called George Floyd was killed by a Minneapolis police officer who knelt on his neck for 8 minutes and 36 seconds.”
‘Black Lives Matter – My Perspective’, boy aged 12
Sports people remain popular with Usain Bolt, Michael Jordan, and Muhammad Ali all making an appearance. And what of fictional characters? Children transform narratives on a serious subject with references to their favourite characters – in the top 500 we see references to Tiana from The Princess and the Frog and to the superhero film Black Panther. We also see the appearance of ‘Snow Black’:
“They named her Snow Black because her skin was as dark and beautiful as ebony and as smooth as snow. At a young age, her mother was shot by a police officer.”
‘Snow Black and the Seven Dwarfs’, boy aged 12
Top ten names
1. George Floyd
2. Martin Luther King
3. Rosa Parks
4. Martin Luther King Jr
5. Nelson Mandela
6. Derek Chauvin
7. Breonna Taylor
8. Donald Trump
9. Boris Johnson
10. Harriet Tubman
“Our treasured heroes, Martin Luther King, Rosa Parks, Nelson Mandela and many more, have relentlessly fought for equality and freedom.”
‘No Lives Matter until Black Lives Matter’, girl aged 11
Next, to a choice of words . . .
Some words appeared significantly more frequently in the 500 Words: BLM 2020 competition than in previous 500 Words submissions. These include protest (3,834 times), racism (3,785 times), racist (1,651 times), equal (1,110 times) and rights (971 times), with justice, equality, protester, discrimination, and slavery following closely behind. When asked to write on the theme of Black Lives Matter, children tended to draw on a specific range of vocabulary.
There was also an increase in non-fictional writing with realistic descriptions and accurate historical knowledge.
“A black man was killed. A police officer in America knelt on his neck for 9 minutes and even though the man, George Floyd, was saying ‘I can’t breathe, I can’t breathe,’ he kept kneeling. George Floyd died, and the riots started happening.”
‘The First Half of 2020’, girl aged 12
5,785 uses of the word colour . . .
The word colour was used ten times more in the 500 Words: BLM 2020 stories than in 500 Words 2020 stories, mainly in the context of skin. The two top colours mentioned are black and white, with the word black appearing 16,733 times and the word white appearing 6,569 times. The words black and white were also used in other imaginative ways, including ‘as black as a cave’ to ‘as white as snow’, ‘as black as coal’ to ‘as white as marshmallow fluff’.
“Dr Zaptum’s evil plan did not work, people are proud of their colour and would never want to be the same.”
‘Superheroes Save Colour’, girl aged 10
Positivity wins . . .
When analysing language of sentiment in the 500 Words: BLM 2020 stories, 62% are ‘happy’ words, 38% ‘sad’. The word happy itself saw 1,377 mentions versus 831 mentions of sad.
“I’m proud to be black and I don’t believe it should divide us.”
‘Raising My Voice’, girl aged 11
What’s in a title . . . ?
The titles children use reflect the insight, empathy, and imagination seen in all pieces of writing, whether fiction or non-fiction, realism or fantasy. There are diaries and letters, references to literature and to superheroes. Many titles reference animals (giraffes, buffalo, octopus, jellyfish, hedgehogs, ducks, penguins, pandas), with children often using animals as metaphors in their writing to illustrate how it is possible to be different but live symbiotically.
Here’s a small selection:
- The Black Superhero and the Yeti and the Buttercups
- We Bleed the Same Blood
- Dear Donald J. Trump
- The Story of Rosie Parks
- Clyde and Prejudice
- The Yellow Penguins and the Blue Penguins
- Dragon Racism
- I Love My Skin
Explore the results
For more information on the findings and insights into children’s language in 2020, download the full report here.
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