Grammar and literacy glossary: D to I
Need a refresher on fronted adverbials or the passive voice? Get to know what your child is learning at school with our guide to common terms and phrases used in schools.
For help with general educational terms, take a look at the Education glossary.
For help with maths terms, take a look at the Maths glossary.
When one or more words are missed out because it is obvious what is meant.
We’re off to the park. I can post your letter. [‘On the way to the park’ has been left out.]
Ellipsis also refers to three dots meaning that a word has been missed out or a sentence has not been finished – for instance, to suggest tension.
The door handle turned, a cough was heard, and…
In some English words, the spelling of the word doesn’t appear to fit with the phonemes that children have been taught so far. These words are taught as whole words rather than as a combination of sounds.
Common exception words include the, go, said, my, he.
Common exception words are also sometimes known as ‘red words’ or ‘tricky words‘.
Video: What are fronted adverbials?
Learn how and when to use adverbials for time, place, manner or number.
There are several different ways to talk about the future in English:
The verb ‘will’ followed by the infinitive of the verb.
I will leave next week.
The verb ‘will’ followed by ‘be’ and the present participle.
I will be leaving next week.
The present progressive of the verb ‘go’ followed by ‘to’ and the verb.
I am going to leave next week.
The present progressive of the verb.
I am leaving next week.
The present tense of the verb.
I leave next week.
About six children, grouped by reading ability, read aloud from the same book at the same time whilst the teacher listens in and draws out teaching points. At junior levels children may read a book, or part of it, away from the session and then focus on particular aspects of understanding in the session.
Video: What are homographs?
Learn about homographs. Perfect to help with spelling homework and to prepare for the Key Stage 2 SATs test.
Find the homophones in the wordsearch.
Video: What are homophones?
Learn about homophones, words that sound the same but have different spellings and meanings.
Used to join two or more words that should be read as a single unit. A hyphen is shorter than a dash.
A hyphen is also used to help avoid ambiguity.
A man eating fish; a man–eating fish.
Inverted commas, or speech marks, show when people are actually speaking.
“I’m beginning to understand,” he said.
The punctuation at the end of the spoken words always comes inside the final set of inverted commas.
“I can’t hold on any longer!” Alex cried.
You may see single (‘ ’) or double (“ ”) inverted commas, depending on what you are reading. It is important to use the same style across work for consistency.
Activity: Inverted commas
Add inverted commas to the sentences to show when someone is speaking.