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English: Age 9–10 (Year 5)

Year 5 is often a calm and studious year: a year to embed all of the knowledge learnt in lower Key Stage 2, and to start preparations for the transition to secondary school.

Your child will be encouraged to take more responsibility for their own learning. Your child will be reading more books that they have chosen themselves, and will write across a wide range of topics (including what they are learning in other subjects, like space). Elements of punctuation like hyphens and colons are introduced, and they will learn new features of grammar like modal verbs.

There are a variety of simple things you can do at home to support your child’s developing English skills.

What your child will learn

Follow the links below to find an overview of what is taught in Year 5, with information, support, and activities:

Grammar & punctuation in Year 5 (age 9–10)

In Year 5, children will learn to use more complex word forms and clauses, to use uncommon punctuation, and to build cohesion by linking ideas across a text. This includes:

  • converting nouns or adjectives into verbs using suffixes like –ate, –ise, –ify
  • using brackets, dashes, or commas to indicate parentheses
  • linking ideas across paragraphs using adverbials of time, place, and number.

More information and activity ideas for Year 5 >

Spelling in Year 5 (age 9–10)

In Year 5, your child will learn to spell words that don’t fit easy spelling rules and will use dictionaries and thesauruses. This includes:

  • spelling words with ‘silent letters’
  • knowing the difference between uncommon homophones and other confusing words
  • using morphology and etymology in spelling
  • using a thesaurus to expand their vocabulary.

More information and activity ideas for Year 5 >

Writing in Year 5 (age 9–10)

In Year 5, your child will learn to write imaginatively and cohesively and to choose the right structure and tone for any given piece of writing. This includes:

  • identifying the audience and purpose of their writing
  • modifying their use of grammar and vocabulary depending on what they are writing
  • using a consistent tense
  • checking through their own and their peers’ writing and making constructive improvements.

More information and activity ideas for Year 5 >

Handwriting in Year 5 (age 9–10)

In Year 5, your child will develop fluent, joined-up writing. This includes:

  • choosing which shape of a letter to use when given choices and deciding whether or not to join specific letters
  • choosing the writing implement that is best suited for a task.

More information and activity ideas for Year 5 >

Vocabulary in primary school

Your child will be expected to improve and expand their vocabulary throughout their time at primary school.

You can help your child improve their vocabulary by reading them books a little beyond their current level, and by talking with them regularly and in depth. There are also thesauruses and dictionaries available for all age ranges that can help expand your child’s vocabulary.

More information and activity ideas >

How to help at home

There are plenty of simple ways you can help your child with English in Year 4. Here are a few of our top ideas.

1. Read a variety of books

Encourage your child to choose texts that show a wide variety of formats and layouts. Lots of children have favourite authors and genres, but it can be helpful to expand into new types of books every so often – and be sure not to neglect non-fiction texts, such as magazine articles, brochures, adverts, newspaper columns, signs, and notices.

Showing your child lots of kinds of texts will give them experience reading in a real-world context, and will also prepare them for national assessments where they are expected to engage with a wide variety of text types. Make sure you talk together about how the texts are presented – the writing may look different depending on what kind of text you are looking at.

Your child may now be reading more independently, but reading to your child can still be very useful, especially if the books you read are a bit above their current reading level. Take a look at our free eBook library for ideas for older readers.

2. Give your child opportunities to write

Writing at home can be a great way of practising writing, including using grammar and punctuation to create particular effects. Here are some ideas to encourage regular writing:

  • Create a story about a space adventurer with strange planetary systems to explore. Every week or month, your child could write about a new chapter about a different planet. Before long, the chapters will have built into a book they can be really proud of.
  • Write an A-to-Z. It could be based on anything your child is interested in – animals, space, dinosaurs, fairies, even their favourite TV programme. A page for each letter of the alphabet gives you 26 short pieces of writing spread over the year that build into one big project.
  • Produce a version of a book for a younger child. For example, they could write The Rhino Who Came to Tea or The Very Hungry Angler Fish. Books with a distinctive format such as The Day the Crayons Quit or The Last Polar Bears are perfect for this.
  • Write the book of a film or TV programme. If children have watched something they’ve really enjoyed, they could try and tell the same story in writing. Watching the story on screen can give them a useful frame to hang their own writing on.
  • While writing using a pen and pencil is useful practice, writing on the computer counts too. You might want to turn the spelling and grammar check off to help children to learn to confidently use their own knowledge. The grammar check can be wrong, too, so this can be confusing for children.

3. Find story inspiration

You can find fun story ideas anywhere! Why not raid your kitchen cupboards or hunt through the attic to find lost treasures? Anything from an old hat to a telescope will do the trick. What could the object be used for? Who might be looking for it? What secrets could it hold? Suggest different genres such as mystery or science fiction and discuss how the item might be used in this kind of story.

Real-world facts can also be a great source of inspiration. For example, did you know a jumping flea can accelerate faster than a space rocket taking off into orbit? What crazy story can your child make out of this fact? Newspapers and news websites can be great for finding these sorts of ideas.

For more storytelling ideas, download our free Story idea generator or our Character profile activity sheet.

Activity: Story idea generator

Mix together a genre, character, and setting to think up a story idea.

Activity: Character profile

Come up with lots of interesting details about the lead character in your story.

4. Draw your ideas first

If your child isn’t sure where to start with a story or even a piece of non-fiction, it can sometimes be helpful to sketch out their ideas first. For instance, can they draw a picture of a dastardly villain or a brave hero? How about a scary woodland or an enchanted castle?

Your child might also find it useful to draw maps or diagrams. What are all the different areas of their fantasy landscape called? How is the baddie’s base organised?

Some children might enjoy taking this idea a step further and drawing their own comics. This is great practice – it stretches your child’s creativity, gets them thinking about plot, character, and dialogue, and is a big confidence boost once they’ve finished and have an amazing story to look back on.